My adventures in the woods, streams, rivers, fields, and lakes of Michigan

American Wigeon, Anas americana

Note: this post, while published, is a work in progress, as are all posts in this series, My Photo Life List. My goal is to photograph every species of bird that is seen on a regular basis here in Michigan, working from a list compiled by the Michigan chapter of the Audubon Society. This will be a lifelong project, that I began in January of 2013, and as I shoot better photos of this, or any other species, I will update the post for that species with better photos when I can. While this series is not intended to be a field guide per se, my minimum standard for the photos in this series is that one has to be able to make a positive identification of the species in my photos. The information posted here is from either my observations or the Wikipedia, the online free encyclopedia, however, I have personally shot all the photos appearing in this series.

American Wigeon, Anas americana

The American wigeon (Anas americana), also American widgeon or baldpate, is a species of dabbling duck found in North America. This species is classified with the other wigeons in the dabbling duck genus Anas, which may be split, in which case wigeons could go into their old genus Mareca again. It is the New World counterpart of the Eurasian wigeon.

The American wigeon is a medium-sized bird; it is larger than a teal, but smaller than a pintail. In silhouette, the wigeon can be distinguished from other dabblers by its round head, short neck, and small bill. It is 42–59 cm (17–23 in) long, with a 76–91 cm (30–36 in) wingspan and a weight of 512–1,330 g (1.129–2.932 lb). This wigeon has two adult molts per year and a juvenile molt in the first year, as well.

The breeding male (drake) is a striking bird with a mask of green feathers around its eyes and a cream-colored cap running from the crown of its head to its bill. This white patch gives the wigeon its other common name, baldpate (pate is another word for head). Their belly is also white. In flight, drakes can be identified by the large white shoulder patch on each wing. These white patches flash as the birds bank and turn. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake looks more like the female.

The hens are much less conspicuous, having primarily gray and brown plumage. Both sexes have a pale blue bill with a black tip, a white belly, and gray legs and feet. The wing patch behind the speculum is gray. They can be distinguished from most ducks, apart from Eurasian wigeon, by shape. However, that species has a darker head and all grey underwing. The head and neck coloring of the female is different as opposed to the Eurasian wigeon. It nests on the ground, near water and under cover. It lays 6–12 creamy white eggs. Flocks will often contain American coots.

The American wigeon is a noisy species, and in the field can often be identified by their distinctive calls. Drakes produce a three note whistle, while hens emit hoarse grunts and quacks. The male whistle makes a wheezy whoee-whoe-whoe, whereas the female has a low growl qua-ack.

It is common and widespread, breeding in all but the extreme north of Canada and Alaska and also in the Interior West through Idaho, Colorado, the Dakotas, and Minnesota, as well as eastern Washington and Oregon. The majority of the population breeds on wetlands in the Boreal Forest and subarctic river deltas of Canada and Alaska. Although wigeon are found in each flyway, they are most numerous in the Pacific Flyway. Key wintering areas here include the Central Valley of California and Washington’s Puget Sound. Farther east, the Texas Panhandle and the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas also support large numbers of wintering wigeon.

This dabbling duck is migratory and winters farther south than its breeding range, in the southern half of the United States, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and the Mid-Atlantic coastal region, and further south into Central America and northwestern South America. It is a rare but regular vagrant to western Europe.

In 2009, an estimated 2.5 million breeding wigeon were tallied in the traditional survey area—a level just below the 1955–2009 average. In recent decades, wigeon numbers have declined in the prairie-parkland region of Canada and increased in the interior and west coast of Alaska. The American wigeon is often the fifth most commonly harvested duck in the United States, behind the mallard, green-winged teal, gadwall, and wood duck.

The American wigeon is a bird of open wetlands, such as wet grassland or marshes with some taller vegetation, and usually feeds by dabbling for plant food or grazing, which it does very readily. While on the water, wigeon often gather with feeding coots and divers, and are known to grab pieces of vegetation brought to the surface by diving water birds. For this reason, they are sometimes called “poacher” or “robber” ducks. Wigeon also commonly feed on dry land, eating waste grain in harvested fields and grazing on pasture grasses, winter wheat, clover, and lettuce. Having a largely vegetarian diet, most wigeon migrate in the fall well before northern marshes begin to freeze

On to my photos:

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

 

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

 

 

 

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

 

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

 

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

 

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

 

American Wigeon, Anas americana

American Wigeon, Anas americana

This is number 181 in my photo life list, only 169 to go!

That’s it for this one, thanks for stopping by!

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15 responses

  1. Very informative thank you.

    January 15, 2016 at 4:27 pm

    • Thank you very much Susan!

      January 16, 2016 at 3:18 am

  2. Thank-you Jerry. Congratulations on adding yet another bird to your life list.

    January 15, 2016 at 7:40 pm

    • Thank you very much Clare!

      January 16, 2016 at 3:19 am

      • My pleasure!

        January 16, 2016 at 6:28 pm

  3. I saw my first American Wigeon last year and was so excited! I think they are really cute ducks! Great post, Jerry!

    January 16, 2016 at 8:58 am

    • Thank you very much Amy! They are cute ducks.

      January 16, 2016 at 10:35 am

  4. What a splendid idea- I love lists and lists with brilliant photos too- fantastic! I’ve just checked to see if my son would see any American Wigeon near where he lives in Canada and just found site where it says there were 20000 spotted on Christmas Day! http://ebird.org/ebird/view/checklist?subID=S26445950 …..do you see what your blog starts a round the world trip in bird watching…thank you quietsolopursuits!

    January 16, 2016 at 11:59 am

    • Thank you very much! If my posts inspire any one to take up bird watching, or getting outside into nature in any way, then it makes my blogging worthwhile.

      January 16, 2016 at 12:25 pm

  5. I applaud your ambitious project. It would be interesting to hear your thoughts on the progress of your project as you get part way through it.

    January 16, 2016 at 12:57 pm

    • Thank you very much Charlie! I have shared my thoughts on my progress as I continue this project in my regular blog posts, where I also identify each new species along with where and how I got the photos for each new species. I hold off doing each individual species as a post like this one until I have time to post them, and have good enough photos for a post.

      January 16, 2016 at 3:09 pm

  6. Congratulations on another entry on your list! Nice series of shots, Jerry!

    January 17, 2016 at 6:12 pm

    • Thank you very much Lavinia!

      January 18, 2016 at 12:30 am

  7. Congratulations on another one added to your life list! We seem to have some Widgeons around here in the flooded fields in winter. When I first heard about them, I thought the name was made up! 🙂

    January 17, 2016 at 11:58 pm

    • Thank you very much Gunta!

      January 18, 2016 at 12:29 am